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Pelajaran 85 : Kalimat aktif dan kalimat pasif

Pelajaran ini cukup mudah, dan sering digunakan dalam percakapan, dan sebaiknya anda menguasainya dengan baik.

Kalimat aktif adalah kalimat yang Subyeknya melakukan pekerjaan :

Rudi sent an email to his friend yesterday.

Kalimat pasif adalah kalimat yang Subyeknya dikenai pekerjaan ;


An email was sent to his friend by Rudi yesterday.

Pada contoh di atas :
  • an email yang pada kalimat pasif adalah obyek, pada kalimat pasif menjadi subyek.
  • kata kerja sent pada kalimat aktif, kini berubah menjadi was sent 
  • kata  Rudi yang pada kalimat aktif adalah subyek, kini menjadi bentuk by phrase.
Beberapa contoh lain :
  • Aktif : The studens help me
  • Pasif : I am helped by the students
  • Aktif : The voice shocks her
  • Pasif : She is shocked by the voice
Jadi pembentukan kalimat pasif dimulai dari subyek kemudian to be + verb 2 (past participle) dilanjutkan dengan by phrase.

Ada beberapa bentuk tense yang digunakan dalam bentuk pasif :

Simple present tense
  • She is taught by the teacher
  • Donny is helped by the doctor
  • The letters are wrote by the writer
  • The hair is cut by the hairdresser
  • The homework is done by the student
Simple past tense 
  • She was taught by the teacher
  • Donny was helped by the doctor
  • The letters were wrote by the writer
  • The hair was cut by the hairdresser
  • The homework was done by the student
Present perfect tense
  • She has been taught by the teacher
  • Donny has been helped by the doctor
  • The letters have been wrote by the writer
  • The hair has been cut by the hairdresser
  • The homework has been done by the student
Future tense
  • She will be/ is going to be taught by the teacher
  • Donny will helped / is going to behelped by the doctor
  • The letters will be wrote / are going to be wrote by the writer
  • The hair will be cut / is going to be cut by the hairdresser
  • The homework will be done / is going to be done by the student
Perhatikan dan ingat bahwa dalam kalimat pasif, verb yang digunakan selalu verb 3 / past participle (koreksi tgl 6 Januari 2014) - thanks @ Anonim. Jangan rancu dengan penggunaan verb dalam tense.
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Comments

erwin yulianto said…
Bukannya pake 'been' ya, Mas, yg present perfect?
She has BEEN taught by the teacher.
wen said…
Ooh iya betul, terima kasih ralatnya, segera saya koreksi. Thanks Erwin :)
Anonymous said…
maaf mas, setauku pasif itu pakek verb3 kan? kok itu verb2 ya
Bahasa Inggris said…
Ooh iya betulll....maaf saya salah tulis. Terima kasih koreksinya :)