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Pelajaran 146 : Perubahan kata kerja (tense) dalam indirect speech


Dalam indirect speech / kalimat tak langsung, perubahan tense ditentukan oleh main verbnya. Yang dimaksud dengan main verb adalah kata kerja utamanya. Seperti kata : John said that..... Said adalah main verb dalam kalimat tersebut.



1. Jika main verb berbentuk past tense, maka noun clause juga past tense.
Contoh : Andy said, "I train hard." >>>> Andy said that he trained hard. (Train menjadi trained dalam noun clause pada kalimat tak langsung).

Berikut ini contoh perubahan verb yang terdapat pada indirect speech :
  • Andy said, "I am training hard." >>> Andy said that he was training hard.
  • Andy said, "I have trained hard." >>> Andy said that he had trained hard.
  • Andy said, "I  trained hard." >>> Andy said that he had trained hard.
  • Andy said, "I am going to train hard." >>> Andy said that he was going to train hard.
  • Andy said, " I will train hard." >>> Andy said that he would train hard.
  • Andy said, "I can train hard." >>> Andy said that he could train hard.
  • Andy said, "I may train hard." >>> Andy said that he might train hard.
  • Andy said, "I have to train hard." >>> Andy said that he had to train hard.
  • Andy said, "I must train hard." >>> Andy said that he had to train hard.
  • Andy said, "I should train hard." >>> Andy said that he should train hard.
  • Andy said, "I ought to train hard." >>> Andy said that he ought to train hard.
2. Jika indirect speech / reporting speech dikatakan segera setelah seseorang mengatakan sesuatu maka kata kerja dalam noun clausenya tidak mengalami perubahan tense.

Contoh : Andy said, "I am thirsty."
Kemudian seorang teman bertanya kepada BBIM Friends : What did Andy just say ? (Apa yang baru saja dikatakan Andy ?) I didn't notice him.
Maka BBIm Friends bisa menjawabnya segera dengan repoting speech : Andy said that he is thirsty.
Tidak ada perubahan tense dari I am thirsty pada kalimat langsung dan tidak langsung (tetap bentuk present tense : I am >>> He is).

Tetapi jika teman BBIM Friends baru menanyakan apa yang dikatakan Andy tersebut pada keesokan harinya, maka perubahan tense terjadi.
Misal teman BBIM Friends bertanya : What did Andy say yesterday afternoon in the hall ?
BBIM Friends bisa menjawabnya seperti ini : Andy said that he was thirsty.
Terjadi perubahan tense dari kalimat langsung yang berbentuk present tense (I am) menjadi He was dalam kalimat tak langsung.

3. Jika main verb berbentuk present tense, maka tidak ada perubahan pada kata kerja di noun clause pada kalimat tak langsung.
Contoh : Andy says, " I train hard."
Says pada kalimat langsung di atas adalah main verb (Kata kerja utama). Ketika kalimat tersebut dikatakan kembali dalam bentuk kalimat tak langsung akan berbentuk seperti ini : Andy says that he trains hard. (Tidak ada perubahan tense).
  • Andy says,"I am training hard." >>> Andy says that he is training hard.
  • Andy says, "I trained hard." >>> Andy says that he trained hard.
  • Andy says "I will traine hard." >>> andy says that he will train hard.
Selamat belajar :)
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